As fibroids do not always cause problems, they are sometimes discovered during a routine gynaecological (vaginal) examination or during a diagnostic test or scan. If fibroids are suspected because of heavy periods or pain, some tests will be needed to confirm this, or to rule out other possible causes. These tests are listed below:
An ultrasound scan of the uterus (womb) is most commonly used to confirm a diagnosis of fibroids. It can also be used to rule out other possible causes of heavy periods or pain.
It may be possible to see fibroids that are near the inner lining of the uterus (submucosal fibroids) using a hysteroscope (a small telescope used to examine the inside of the uterus).
In some cases laparoscopy might be necessary to examine the size and position of fibroids.