How common is it?

Most women experience some degree of pain during their periods. For up to one in five women, this pain is so severe that it stops them from doing their daily activities.

Most cases of period pain are a normal part of the menstrual cycle and can be treated at home. However, in some cases, period pain can be caused by an underlying medical condition, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids.

Conditions associated with severe period pain

  • endometriosis (where pieces of the womb lining are found outside the womb),
  • fibroids (non-cancerous tumours that grow in or around the womb),
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (an infection of the female reproductive organs),
  • adenomyosis (where the womb lining grows into the muscle wall of the womb),
  • use of an intrauterine device (coil).

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